Automatic mode: Auto mode tells your camera to use its best select shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, focus and flash. This mode will give you nice results in many shooting conditions. You’re also making your camera guess in this mode.
Portrait mode: When you switch too portrait mode you well get a large aperture (small number) Which helps to keep your background. Portrait mode works best when you’re photographing a single subject so get in close enough.
Marco mode: This mode lets you move your closer into your subject to take a close-up picture and it’s great for shooting flowers, insects or other small objects. When you use this mode, you’ll notice that focusing is more difficult as at short distances the depth of field.
Landscape mode: This mode is almost the exact opposite of portrait mode in that it sets the camera up with a small aperture. At times your camera might also select a slower shutter speed in this mode so you might need a tripod.
Sports mode: When shooting in sports mode Sports mode attempts to freeze the action by increasing the shutter speed. When photographing fast moving subjects you can also increase your chances of capturing them with panning of your camera.
Night mode: In this mode you can create some wonderfully colorful and interesting shots. Low light situations and sets your camera to use a longer shutter speed to help capture details of the background but it also fires off a flash.
Movie mode: This mode extends your digital camera from just capturing still images to capturing moving ones. This mode quality is generally not up to video camera standards but it’s a handy mode to have when you come across.
Aperture priority mode: This mode is a semi-automatic mode its where you can choose the aperture and where your camera chooses the other settings. Aperture priority mode is useful when you’re looking to control the depth of field in a shot
Shutter priority mode: Shutter speed is very similar to aperture priority mode. You would use this mode for sports, so you want too to have a fast shutter speed to freeze the motion. Also, you might also choose a slow shutter speed in a lower light situation
Program mode: This mode is like auto, but it gives you a little more control over some other features including flash, white balance, ISO, etc.
Manal mode: In this mode you have full control over your camera and need to think about all settings including shutter speed, aperture, ISO, white balance, flash, etc.